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Indigenous Peoples in North America--Canada--Residential schools

Shingwauk Residential School 1950s collection

Description
Start Date: 
1950
End Date: 
1960
Date Range: 
1950-1960
Physical Description: 

0.2 m of graphic materials. - ca. 130 photographs : b&w and col.

Arrangement: 
Fonds is arranged chronologially by item type
Scope Content: 

Fonds comprises photographs of activities, students, and staff at the Shingwauk Indian Residential School in the 1950s.

Repository: 
srsc
Admin
Custodial History: 

Materials in accession 2021-003 were donated to SRSC by Ann Miller in Februrary 2021. Photographs were taken and collected by her grandmother, Sarah Elizabeth Page, who worked as a 'house mother' at Shingwauk.

Materials in accession 2011-021/001 were collected by the Shingwauk Project. Formally known as the Roy Phillips collection and previously part of the Principal Series, P7-HAY.

Access Restriction: 

No restrictions on access.

Conservation: 

Basic conservation performed during processing.

Description Level: 
Geographic Access: 

St. John's Residential School (Chapleau, Ont.) collection

Description
Start Date: 
1935
End Date: 
1936
Date Range: 
1935-1936
Physical Description: 

3.13 GB of graphic material. - 1 photo album.

Arrangement: 
Fonds is arranged chrologically by item type.
History Biographical: 

Chapleau IRSThe St. John's Indian Residential School operated in Chapleau, Ontario from 1907-1948. The original residential school in Chapleau was operated by the Anglican Diocese of Moosonee from 1907 to 1920. In 1920 the school's administration was taken over by the Department of Indian Affairs. The school was built to accommodate 40 students, and in 1919 it was expanded to accommodate 45 students. The residential school was located on 153 acres on the east side of Chapleau near the Nebskwashi River. This original school building burned down on June 27, 1926. The original Residential School site in Chapleau was never developed and is now part of the forest.

In 1914 a new location of 1,184 acres was bought from the Ontario government for one dollar an acre. However, the new location was far from the town of Chapleau and did not have convenient road access. In 1920 a new 2,142 acre site, closer to town, was purchased.The new two-storey school building designed to accommodate 100 students was built at a cost of $89,000. The school operated at capacity until it closed on July 1, 1948. Many students were transferred to the Shingwauk Indian Residential School or the Moose Factory Indian Residential School. The school property was purchased by Nick Gionet for $7,000 in 1948 and eventually all of the school buildings were demolished, this site is now a small residential subdivision.

Scope Content: 

Collection comprises one photo album with images of activities and students at the St. John's Indian Residential School (Chapleau, Ont.). 

Notes: 

SRSC holds only digital copies of this collection.

Repository: 
srsc
Admin
Access Restriction: 

No restrictions on access.

Repro Restriction: 

No restrictions on use.

Description Level: 
Geographic Access: 

Gordon Residential School (Punnichy, Sask.) collection

Description
Start Date: 
1959
End Date: 
1960
Date Range: 
1959 September - 1960 June
Physical Description: 

0.1 m of grahpic material and textual records.
124 photographs : b&w and col. ; 9 x 9 cm, 12.5 x 9 cm and 13 x 9 cm.
2 newsletters.

Arrangement: 
Fonds is arranged thematically by item type.
History Biographical: 

Gordon IRS signThe Anglican Church of Canada established a day school on Gordon’s Reserve just north of Regina, in 1876. In 1888, it was expanded to provide housing to students attending the School. In 1929 the original School building was destroyed by fire. It was rebuilt, but problems with water supply and maintenance led to its being closed for much of the time between 1947 and 1953.

Apart from the local children from Gordon’s Reserve, students attended the School from a wide area in Saskatchewan, with Gordon's often acting as the overflow School from other Residential Schools. In 1969, the government took full control over the school from the Anglican church, and continued to operate as a residential school until its closure in 1996. The Gordon Residential School was the last school to be closed in Canada. The School building was subsequently torn down after its closure.

Scope Content: 

Collection comprises photographs and newsletters of students and activities at the Gordon Indian Residential School in Punnichy, Saskatchewan. The materials were collected by Pamela Handley (nee Weald) during her time working as a junior girls supervisor at Gordon's Residential School in the 1959-1960 school year.

Repository: 
srsc
Admin
Custodial History: 

Material in accession 2020-002 was donated to SRSC in February 2020 by Pamela Handley. 

Access Restriction: 

No restrictions on access or use.

Conservation: 

Minor conservation performed during processing.

Description Level: 

Carol Trudeau collection

Description
Start Date: 
1970
End Date: 
2014
Date Range: 
1970-2014
Physical Description: 

0.2 m of textual records, graphic material and audio recordings.

Arrangement: 
Fonds is arranged thematically by item type.
Scope Content: 

Collection comprises educational materials collected by Carol Trudeau in her work as an Indigenous education lead in the Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario community.

Repository: 
srsc
Admin
Access Restriction: 

No restrictions on access.

Description Level: 
Geographic Access: 

Photograph series

Description
Start Date: 
1980
End Date: 
1995
Date Range: 
1980-1995
Physical Description: 

0.2 m of graphic material.

Arrangement: 
Series is arranged chronologically by item type.
Scope Content: 

Series comprises photographs collected or produced by the Shingwauk Project relating to residential schools, healing, and reconciliation. Series includes negatives, prints, and copy work.

Repository: 
srsc
Admin
Access Restriction: 

No restrictions on access.

Repro Restriction: 

Researchers must adhere to applicable copyright law and privacy legislation and permission of the copyright holder is required to publish from the fonds.

Conservation: 

Basic conservation performed during processing.

Description Level: 
Geographic Access: 

James Mara fonds

Description
Start Date: 
1940
End Date: 
1970
Date Range: 
1940-1970
Physical Description: 

0.6 m of textual records and graphic material.

ca. 500 photographs : b&w

Arrangement: 
Fonds is arranged in two series: Spanish IRS and personal.
History Biographical: 

James J. Mara (January 8 1921 - July 9 1992) was born to parents James Mara and Catherine Lomasney in Sarnia, Ontario.

In 1941 Mara made  vocation retreat at St. Peter's Seminary, London, Ontario, under the direction of Philip Francis Pocock.  As a result of this retreat Mara decided to entered the Jesuit Order and was received at St.Stanislaus Novitiate, Guelph Ontario on October 30, 1941 as a postulant.  On April 29, 1942 he became as novice.  Most of Mara's novice years were spent as a kitchen apprentice. He went on to serve as a cook for fifteen years at numerous locations including: Guelph (1944-1955), Jesuit Seminiary, Toronto (1945-1946), Manresa Restreat House in Erindale, Ontario (1946-1949), Provincial Superior's Residence in Toronto (1949-1951), the Indian Residential School at Spanish, Ontario (1951-1958), and the retreat house at Raydor, Oakville, Ontario (1958-1959).

On August 15, 1953 during a trip to Guelph Mara pronounced his final vows as a Jesuit Brother. In addition to cooking Mara became involved in the recruitment of retreatants while at Erindale and Oakville. In 1948 he organized the distribution of the retreat house bulletin, Manresa, to over 5,000 members of the archdiocese. At Spanish he was known for his fundraising schemes - bingo games, alumni donation campaigns, and collection boxes in support of the new arena in 1952,  He was also known for putting on performances as a magician and he helping organize the school's skating carnivals.

His later appointments included: Toronto (1968-1963/1963-1964) and Ottawa (1962-1963), Port Arthur (1964-1965), Garden Village (1965-1967), an Fort William Reserve (1967-1973). While in Lakehead (1967-1973) he planned a performance of Indigenous activities for the visit of the Queen and Prince Philip to the Fort William Reserve in July 1973. He was also involved in the construction of a new twelve-sided church in Fort William.

In 1973 Mara returned to Toronto due to ailing health. That same year he became involved in the establishment of a new Jesuit residence at 67 West Avenue, Toronto.  The residence aimed to help minority and impoverished groups in the surrounding community. From 1975-1980 Mara served in the kitchen at St. Joseph's College, North Point, Darjeeling, India.  He was responsible for the preparation and distribution of food for the 350 students at St. Joseph's.  He was also the moderator of the students' photography club and was the Regional Coordinator of School Communications. He returned home in the summer of 1980 when his visa was revoked.  Once back in Canada he served at the Canadian Martyrs' Shrine in Midland, Ontario for the next eleven years. While at the Shrine he also wrote small devotional pamphlets about the early missionaries of the area. Beginning in 1986 Mara also began organizing tours to Catholic shrines abroad as a way to generate revenue for the Midland Shrine.

In December 1990 Mara was diagnosed with cancer. Despite his health in April 1992 he joined a pilgrimage to Our Lady f Guadalupe in mid April. On his fiftieth anniversary of service with the Jesuits Mara was back in his winter quarters at La Sorta Residence in Pickering, Ontario. He passed away two months later on July 9, 1992. His funeral was held at the Martyrs' Shrine.

Source: "Mara, James J." in Dictionary of Jesuit Biography: Ministry to English Canada Vol. II 1988-2006. Toronto: Canadian Institute of Jesuit Studies, 2007, p. 199-202.

Scope Content: 

Fonds comprises photographs of the Spanish Indian Residential Schools taken by and collected by Brother James Mara.  Also includes personal photo albums of Mara's family, correspondence, newsletters, and newspaper clippings.

Repository: 
srsc
Admin
Custodial History: 

Donated to the SRSC on November 2, 2017 by Frank Gagno and family.

Access Restriction: 

No restrictions on access.

Conservation: 

Minor conservation performed on fonds during processing.

Description Level: 
Geographic Access: 

Photo album

Description
Creator: 

Joyce Clinton

Start Date: 
1930
End Date: 
1973
Date Range: 
[1930-1973]
Language: 
English
Physical Description: 

4 cm of graphic material. - 1 photo album

93 photographs ; b&w

Notes: 

Page 1: photo 1 - George [Quoquat], photo 2 - Charlie Shabokeesie
Page 2: photo 1 - Shade Beardy, photo 2 - Agrippa Beardy (Aknepa)
Page 3: photo 2 - Co Cum
Page 4: photo 1 - David Lucas, [Lacsuel] Beardy, George Stanley, Bull, Meekuk. photo 2 - Co Cum
Page 5: photo 1 - Willy Couster, Bobless Fox, Stanley Fox, Peter Wapoos, Moses Couster, Walter Kakukeptum, Luke [Lupapit], Louis Waswa
​Page 6: photo 2 - Charlie Shabokeesie, Bobless Fox, Wm. J Beardy, Aknepa Beardy, Wabinini
​Page 9: photo 1 - Dad and Bro. Albert, June 21st 1925
Page 11: photo 1 - Pelican Lake, photo 2 - Camp + Pelican Station
Page 12: photo 1 - Dick Cakash, photo 2 - [Dick Cakash]
Page 13: photo 1 - Jim Wodsworth
Page 16: photo 1 - Robert [Nokese], photo 2 - Robert
Page 18: photo 1 - Bill, Mary, Annie, Katey. February 24, 1924. Forrest Station, Manitoba, Canada
Page 19: photo 1 - Kisinaki, photo 2 - Archie [Augamak]
Page 20: photo 1 - Co Cum, photo 2 - Kisinaki Harvey
Page 21: photo 2 - School.
Page 22: photo 1 - Jimme Basketwang
​Page 23: photo 1 - David Wynn, photo 2 - Henry Spence (Wabinini)
Page 24: photo 1 - Peter Whitehead (Wapoos), photo 2 - Joey [Sakakusie]
Page 25: photo 1 - Frank Seaman (Mounkey), photo 2 - Kelly Bull
Page 26: photo 1 - John Mukuk, Alex Hunter, photo 2 - Peter Hill
Page 30: photo 1 - Nekese, photo 2 - Robert Hill
Page 31: photo 1 - Luke Yuppit, photo 2 - Lucas Beardy
Page 32: photo 1 - Co Cum's Ne Ne No Shae, Harvey [Atill], photo 2 - Paddy [Atill]
Page 33: photo 2 - [Harfley]
Page 34: photo 2 - Kisinaki Salomon
Page 35: photo 1 - Angus Wesley, photo 2 - Moses [Coaster]
Page 36: photo 2 - Samme Basketwang
Page 37: photo 1 - Joseph, Johnson Shabakeesie, [Charles], photo 2 - Joana [Kabekapetion], Ronni Wesley, Angus Wesley
Page 38: photo 1 - School, photo 2 - Harvey, Co Cum
Page 39: photo 2 - Mary Webster
Page 40: photo 1 - 3 teachers, photo 2 - Co Cum
Page 41: photo 2 - Dick, Jack
Page 43: photo 1 - girls, photo 2 - girls
Page 44: photo 1 - Log cabin
Page 45: photo 1 - Tobogganing, photo 2 - skating rink
Page 46: photo 1 - Harvey, photo 2 - Kisinaki
Page 47: photo 1 - Co Kash, Co Cum, photo 2 - Co Cum
Page 48: photo 1 - Boys and tractor, photo 2 - boys skating
Page 49: photo 1 - Tomme Wynn, photo 2 - Angus Wesley
Page 50: photo 1 - [Dorfey] Hill, photo 2 - Harvey
Page 51: photo 1 - Stephen Beardy, Jake Wabash

Physical Location
Repository: 
srsc
File No: 
001
Container Number: 
001
Geographic Access: 
Description Level: 
Language: 

Photograph of a staff sitting room

Description
Responsibility: 
Start Date: 
1936
End Date: 
1936
Date Range: 
[reproduced 1991 (originally created 1936)]
Language: 
Physical Description: 

0.1 cm of graphic material.- 1 photograph : b&w ; 20.5 x 25.5 cm

Notes: 

Shingwauk IRS, Sault Ste. Marie, ON

Previously: P75-103-S7-232

Media
Scan Resolution: 
Scan Date: 
Scale: 
Master scans folder location: 
Bibliographic Information
Publication: 
Volume: 
Issue: 
Standard No: 
Physical Location
Repository: 
srsc
File No: 
153
Container Number: 
001
Legacy Restricted: 
N
Conservation
Custodial History: 
Style or Pattern: 
Process: 
Marks: 
Geographic Access: 
Description Level: 
Language: 
Conservation-Treatment
Conclusions: 
Storage Method: 
Image: 

Walking With Our Sisters series

Description
Start Date: 
2014
End Date: 
2014
Date Range: 
2014 January - 2014 July
Creator: 

Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre

Physical Description: 

182 MB of graphic material.- 59 photographs : col. ; (jpeg)

4.33 GB of moving images.- 1 .MP4, 22 .MOV ; (20 min., 10 sec.)

91.04 MB of textual record

Arrangement: 
Original order maintained.
History Biographical: 

Walking With Our Sisters is a commemorative art installation to honour the lives of missing and murdered Indigenous Women of Canada and the United States; to acknowledge the grief and torment families of these women continue to suffer; and to raise awareness of this issue and create opportunity for broad community-based dialogue on the issue. Walking With Our Sisters is an entirely crowd-sourced project. From the artwork, to the fundraising, even to the way the exhibit tour is being booked, it is all being fueled by hundreds and thousands of people who have chosen to become involved.

In June of 2012, a general call was issued on issued on Facebook for people to create moccasin tops; the call was answered by women, men and children of all ages and races. By July 25 2013, over 1,600 vamps had been received, almost tripling the initial goal of 600. Each pair of moccasin tops are intentionally not sewn into moccasins to represent the unfinished lives of the women and girls.

In Sault Ste. Marie, Walking with our Sisters made its 5th stop. Due to the history of Algoma University, WWOS made a special call to the survivor and intergenerational communities to craft children's moccasin vamps in memory of those children and babies who perished in the residential school system, or who did not make it home from school. When the exhibition tour is over several of the children's vamps will become part of a permanent installation within the site of the old Shingwauk Residential School, in partnership with the Shingwauk Residential School Centre at Algoma University.

Scope Content: 

This series comprises photographs and documentation from the Walking With Our Sisters exhibition, which opened May 5 and ran until May 18 2014, in Shingwauk Auditorium at Algoma University.

 

Repository: 
srsc
Admin
Custodial History: 

Material in accession 2017-024 was collected by the Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre in 2014.

Access Restriction: 

No restrictions on access.

Repro Restriction: 

Researchers must adhere to applicable copyright law and privacy legislation and permission of the copyright holder is required to publish from the collection.

Conservation: 

Minor Conservation preformed on series.

Location Original: 

Born digital content.

Description Level: 

Roxanne Martin series

Description
Start Date: 
2014
End Date: 
2014
Date Range: 
2014 August 2 - 2014 August 3
Creator: 

Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre

Physical Description: 

558 MB of graphic material.- 170 photographs : col. ; (jpeg)

Arrangement: 
Original order maintianed.
History Biographical: 

Roxanne Martin- Bezhik anungo kwe/ One Star Woman

Roxanne Martin (Sault Ste. Marie) is a Anishinaabe teacher, visual artist, children's book designer, jingle dress dancer and cultural activist. A graduate from the Cambrian College Theatre Arts Production. an honours graduate from the Bachelor of Fine Arts/minor in Anishinaabemowin studies from Algoma/Shingwauk University, Roxanne inspires her community to work with visual interpretations, storytelling and oral history of her surrounding lands and waters of lake Huron and Superior. As an Anishinaabe community practitioner, artist and seamstress, Roxanne's artwork and her practices blend personal biography with humour, cultural belonging and social critiques to engage her viewers in social conversations. She’s an award recipient for the Ashoka Changemaker Innovative approaches for First Nations people and received the Michelle Jean Foundation Youth Solidarity Project Recognition Award at the Art Gallery of Ontario. Martin is currently a member with the 2015 Teach for Canada cohort and is currently working on the Ojibwa territory of Lac Seul First Nations in northern Ontario to better the education for indigenous youth. She has established a small business from home for Ojibwamowin Children's books (Baby WayNa) and she is the god daughter and great niece to the late Cecil Youngfox.
​ Mr. Youngfox received the Aboriginal Order of Canada in the 1980s for his artwork in preserving his native heritage through his vivid, sensitive images of his native cultural traditions.

Biography taken from Martin's professional webpage.

Scope Content: 

This series comprises photographs from artist Roxanne Martin's "maamaandaawinam" (she has a vision), and other individual works displayed in the Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre during the 2014 Shingwauk Gathering and Conference.

Notes: 

Roxanne Martin's session during the 2014 Shingwauk Gathering was called "Archive and the Professional Artist".

Repository: 
srsc
Admin
Custodial History: 

Material in accession 2017-024 was collected by the Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre in 2014.

Access Restriction: 

No restrictions on access.

Repro Restriction: 

Researchers must adhere to applicable copyright law and privacy legislation and permission of the copyright holder is required to publish from the collection.

Conservation: 

Minor conservation preformed on series

Location Original: 

Born digital content.

Description Level: 
Geographic Access: